Weapons - DND 5th Edition (2023)


Table of Contents

Simple Weapons

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Setting Specific Weapons

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Weapon Properties

Improvised Weapons

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Silvered Weapons

Special Weapons

Your class grants proficiency in certain weapons, reflecting both the class's focus and the tools you are most likely to use. Whether you favor a longsword or a longbow, your weapon and your ability to wield it effectively can mean the difference between life and death while adventuring.

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The Weapons tables below show the most common weapons used in the worlds of D&D, their price and weight, the damage they deal when they hit, and any special properties they possess. Every weapon is classified as either melee or ranged. A melee weapon is used to attack a target within 5 feet of you, whereas a ranged weapon is used to attack a target at a distance.

Simple Melee Weapons
Club1 sp1d4 bludgeoning2lb.Light
Dagger2 gp1d4 piercing1lb.Finesse, light, thrown (20/60)
Greatclub2 sp1d8 bludgeoning10lb.Two-handed
Handaxe5 gp1d6 slashing2lb.Light, thrown (20/60)
Javelin5 sp1d6 piercing2lb.Thrown (30/120)
Light hammer2 gp1d4 bludgeoning2lb.Light, thrown (20/60)
Mace5 gp1d6 bludgeoning4lb.
Quarterstaff2 sp1d6 bludgeoning4lb.Versatile (1d8)
Sickle1 gp1d4 slashing2lb.Light
Spear1 gp1d6 piercing3lb.Thrown (20/60), versatile (1d8)
Simple Ranged Weapons
Crossbow, light25 gp1d8 piercing5lb.Ammunition, range (80/320), loading, two-handed
Dart5 cp1d4 piercing1/4lb.Finesse, thrown (20/60)
Shortbow25 gp1d6 piercing2lb.Ammunition, range (80/320), two-handed
Sling1 sp1d4 piercingAmmunition, range (30/120)
Martial Melee Weapons
Battleaxe10 gp1d8 slashing4lb.Versatile (1d10)
Flail10 gp1d8 bludgeoning2lb.
Glaive20 gp1d10 slashing6lb.Heavy, reach, two-handed
Greataxe30 gp1d12 slashing7lb.Heavy, two-handed
Greatsword50 gp2d6 slashing6lb.Heavy, two-handed
Halberd20 gp1d10 slashing6lb.Heavy, reach, two-handed
Lance10 gp1d12 piercing6lb.Reach, special
Longsword15 gp1d8 slashing3lb.Versatile (1d10)
Maul10 gp2d6 bludgeoning10lb.Heavy, two-handed
Morningstar15 gp1d8 piercing4lb.
Pike5 gp1d10 piercing18lb.Heavy, reach, two-handed
Rapier25 gp1d8 piercing2lb.Finesse
Scimitar25 gp1d6 slashing3lb.Finesse, light
Shortsword10 gp1d6 piercing2lb.Finesse, light
Trident5 gp1d6 piercing4lb.Thrown (20/60), versatile (1d8)
War pick5 gp1d8 piercing2lb.
Warhammer15 gp1d8 bludgeoning2lb.Versatile (1d10)
Whip2 gp1d4 slashing3lb.Finesse, reach
Martial Ranged Weapons
Blowgun10 gp1 piercing1lb.Ammunition, range (25/100), loading
Crossbow, hand75 gp1d6 piercing3lb.Ammunition, range (30/120), light, loading
Crossbow, heavy50 gp1d10 piercing18lb.Ammunition, range (100/400), heavy, loading, two-handed
Longbow50 gp1d8 piercing2lb.Ammunition, range (150/600), heavy, two-Handed
Net1 gp3lb.Special, thrown (5/15)
Arrows (20)1 gp1lb.
Blowgun needles (50)1 gp1lb.
Crossbow bolts (20)1 gp1½ lb.
Sling bullets (20)4 cp1½ lb.


Source: Dragonlance: Shadow of the Dragon Queen

Martial Melee Weapons
* A hoopak is a sturdy stick with a sling at one end and a pointed tip at the other.
1 gp1d6 piercing (melee) or 1d4 bludgeoning (ranged)2lb.Ammunition (range 40/160), finesse, special, two-handed

Many weapons have special properties related to their use, as shown in the Weapons tables above.

AmmunitionYou can use a weapon that has the ammunition property to make a ranged attack only if you have ammunition to fire from the weapon. Each time you attack with the weapon, you expend one piece of ammunition. Drawing the ammunition from a quiver, case, or other container is part of the attack. Loading a one-handed weapon requires a free hand. At the end of the battle, you can recover half your expended ammunition by taking a minute to search the battlefield. If you use a weapon that has the ammunition property to make a melee attack, you treat the weapon as an improvised weapon. A sling must be loaded to deal any damage when used in this way.
FinesseWhen making an attack with a finesse weapon, you use your choice of your Strength or Dexterity modifier for the attack and damage rolls. You must use the same modifier for both rolls.
HeavyCreatures that are Small or Tiny have disadvantage on attack rolls with heavy weapons. A heavy weapon's size and bulk make it too large for a Small or Tiny creature to use effectively.
LightA light weapon is small and easy to handle, making it ideal for use when fighting with two weapons.
LoadingBecause of the time required to load this weapon, you can fire only one piece of ammunition from it when you use an action, bonus action, or reaction to fire it, regardless of the number of attacks you can normally make.
RangeA weapon that can be used to make a ranged attack has a range shown in parentheses after the ammunition or thrown property. The range lists two numbers. The first is the weapon’s normal range in feet, and the second indicates the weapon’s maximum range. When attacking a target beyond normal range, you have disadvantage on the attack roll. You can’t attack a target beyond the weapon’s long range.
ReachThis weapon adds 5 feet to your reach when you attack with it. This property also determines your reach for opportunity attacks with a reach weapon.
SpecialA weapon with the special property has unusual rules governing its use, explained in the weapon's description (See below)
ThrownIf a weapon has the thrown property, you can throw the weapon to make a ranged attack. If the weapon is a melee weapon, you use the same ability modifier for that attack roll and damage roll that you would use for a melee attack with the weapon. For example, if you throw a handaxe, you use your Strength, but if you throw a dagger, you can use either your Strength or your Dexterity, since the dagger has the finesse property.
Two-HandedThis weapon requires two hands to use. This property is relevant only when you attack with the weapon, not when you simply hold it.
VersatileThis weapon can be used with one or two hands. A damage value in parentheses appears with the property—the damage when the weapon is used with two hands to make a melee attack.

Improvised Weapons

Sometimes characters don't have their weapons and have to attack with whatever is close at hand. An improvised weapon includes any object you can wield in one or two hands, such as broken glass, a table leg, a frying pan, a wagon wheel, or a dead goblin.

In many cases, an improvised weapon is similar to an actual weapon and can be treated as such. For example, a table leg is akin to a club. At the DM's option, a character proficient with a weapon can use a similar object as if it were that weapon and use his or her proficiency bonus.

An object that bears no resemblance to a weapon deals 1d4 damage (the DM assigns a damage type appropriate to the object). If a character uses a ranged weapon to make a melee attack, or throws a melee weapon that does not have the thrown property, it also deals 1d4 damage. An improvised thrown weapon has a normal range of 20 feet and a long range of 60 feet.

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Silvered Weapons

Some monsters that have immunity or resistance to non-magical weapons are susceptible to silver weapons, so cautious adventurers invest extra coin to plate their weapons with silver. You can silver a single weapon or ten pieces of ammunition for 100 gp. This cost represents not only the price of the silver, but the time and expertise needed to add silver to the weapon without making it less effective.

Special Weapons

Weapons with special rules are described here.

  • Lance. You have disadvantage when you use a lance to attack a target within 5 feet of you. Also, a lance requires two hands to wield when you aren’t mounted.
  • Net. A Large or smaller creature hit by a net is restrained until it is freed. A net has no effect on creatures that are formless, or creatures that are Huge or larger. A creature can use its action to make a DC 10 Strength check, freeing itself or another creature within its reach on a success. Dealing 5 slashing damage to the net (AC 10) also frees the creature without harming it, ending the effect and destroying the net. When you use an action, bonus action, or reaction to attack with a net, you can make only one attack regardless of the number of attacks you can normally make.
  • Hoopak. When you make a melee attack with this weapon, you ignore its ammunition property. You can use the hoopak as a martial ranged weapon. If you do, it uses the ammunition property, uses sling bullets, and deals 1d4 bludgeoning damage on a hit.


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